Asperger syndrome or disorder Asperger's syndrome is an autism spectrum, differing from the classical autism not include any delay or retardation in cognitive development or global language of the individual.
AS is more common in males, as adults, many can live in a common life, and some individuals with Asperger syndrome have become university professors (as Vernon Smith, "Nobel Prize" in Economics in 2002).
Some symptoms of this syndrome are difficulty in social interaction, lack of empathy, very literal interpretation of language, difficulty with change, perseveration in stereotyped behaviours. However, this can be reconciled with high or normal cognitive development.
Some scholars contend that great figures in history had strong traits of Asperger syndrome as physicists Albert Einstein and Isaac Newton, the composer Mozart, the philosopher Socrates.
Asperger syndrome, also known as high-function autism (HFA), which defines the syndrome as a condition with the following characteristics:
• Severe and persistent impairment in social interaction;
• The development of restricted, repetitive patterns of behaviour, interests and activities;
• Clinically significant impairment in social, occupational or other important areas of functioning;
• No significant delay in language development;
• There is, no clinically significant delays in cognitive development or skills development, self-help age-appropriate, adaptive behaviour (in an area other than social interaction) and curiosity about the environment in childhood.
The diagnosis of AS is complicated because even through the use of various assessment tools in the absence of a clinical examination to detect it.
Asperger syndrome in children may develop as a level of intense and obsessive focus on matters of interest, many of which are the same as normal children. The difference in children with AS is the unusual intensity of this interest.
Sometimes the interests are for life, in other cases, is changing the unpredictable intervals. In any case, are usually one or two interests at a time. In pursuing these interests, people with SA often manifests extremely sophisticated argument, an almost obsessive focus and an amazingly good memory for facts.
People with Asperger Syndrome may have little patience for things outside of those fields of particular interest. At school, may be deemed unfit or gifted highly intelligent, clearly able to overcome your colleagues in your field of interest, and yet constantly motivated to do homework.
Others may be highly motivated to overcome their schoolmates. The combination of social problems and intense special interests can lead to unusual behaviour such as approaching a stranger and start a long monologue on a topic of special interest instead of performing before a socially accepted. However, in many cases adults can overcome such impatience and lack of motivation and develop more tolerance to new activities and meet people.
In 2010, the American Psychiatric Association released a proposal for DSM-V, where Asperger syndrome disappears as a distinct diagnosis, starting to be included in autism.
Characteristics of SA:
• Specific interests or concerns and restricted to one theme at the expense of other activities;
• Repetitive behaviours or rituals;
• Peculiarities in speech and language;
• Standards of logical / technical extensive;
• Socially and emotionally inappropriate behaviour and interpersonal interaction problems;
• Problems with communication;
• Ability to design to compensate for the difficulty in expressing themselves verbally;
• Disorders engines, clumsy and uncoordinated.
A person with AS may have trouble understanding the emotions of others: the messages passed through facial expressions, looks and gestures have a low impact, but not zero. They may also have difficulty in showing empathy.
Thus, Aspergers may seem selfish, self-centred or insensitive. In most cases, these perceptions are unfair because the syndrome patients are neurologically unable to understand the emotional states of people around them. They usually are shocked, angered and hurt when they say their actions are offensive or inappropriate. Clearly, people with AS have emotions. But the precise nature of the emotional ties that may have can seem quaint or even be a cause of concern for anyone who does not share the same perspective.
Not being able to show affection - at least in the conventional way - does not necessarily mean they do not feel affection. Understanding this can help those around you to feel less rejected and be more understanding.